To be clear, framing your image isn't quite the same thing as composing it. Framing can be a component of composition, but not every photo needs to have the subject framed. That was probably confusing, so let me break it down a bit.
To be clear, framing your image isn't quite the same thing as composing it. Framing can be a component of composition, but not every photo needs to have the subject framed. That was probably confusing, so let me break it down a bit. Composition is the way you organize everything in your image. Using the Rule of Thirds, lines, framing, etc. are all compositional elements that you can use to draw attention to not only your subject, but the entire image. Framing is specifically using features to draw attention to your subject while at the same time putting it into some sort of context.
Still not making sense? Well, try this. after you read each of the next sentences, close your eyes and imagine them.
-- You are on a tropical beach at sunset with a palm tree arching gracefully over the beach in front of you with the setting sun under it.
-- You are in Italy and spy an ancient fountain through a stone archway.
-- You are at a dance club and, between two martini glasses on your table you see a couple dancing.
-- You look out an old, divided window upon the first heavy snowfall of winter.
At each of these photo opportunities, you have a choice. You could have gone for a basic sunset photo, but including the tree draws attention to the sun and also lets everyone know you are on a tropical beach rather than some random beach. The fountain might make a nice photo itself, but including the archway focuses attention on it while letting everyone know that it is in a more intimate setting. People dancing can look good, but framed by booze-filled glasses lets people know this is a club where you are relaxing and socializing in addition to dancing. Snow photos can be wonderful by themselves, but a twist would be to juxtapose the stark cold with the warm comfort of your home. Although framing rarely portrays an emotion, it can certainly foster one.
You with me?