Yes definitely. There are some days - lukewarm days that are sunny and crisp with a light breeze ; like spring or fall type days that put me in the absolute best mood.
Super hot days make me lazy and want to sun bathe and listen to music and guzzle raspberry smoothies.
The cold makes me sleepy, snow makes me pissed because of the power outages and while it's gorgeous doesn't really hold much appeal for me anymore. It's just too damn cold.
Summer thunderstorms are relaxing and inspire writing or artistic muses. Cold rains make me sleepy and brooding and hardcore storms cause a touch of anxiety (we had a tornado jump our house and I didn't realize it until the next day that I stood outside and WATCHED the thing pass over my house) not to mention my area has been quite savaged by them in the last couple of years.
Some days leave me indifferent, some leave me with a surreal feeling and some just fucking depress me with nostalgia. Depends on small nuances of the weather really, coupled with the mood of my home I think.